International Journal of Morphology
versão On-line ISSN 0717-9502
GALINDEZ, E. J; DIAZ ANDRADE, M. C; MOYA, A. C e ESTECONDO, S. Morphological Changes in the Pregnant Uterus of the Smooth Hound Dogfish Mustelus schmitti Springer, 1939 (Gatuzo) (Condrichthyes, Triakidae): Microscopic Study and Phylogenetic Reproductive Implications. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2010, vol.28, n.4, pp. 1003-1010. ISSN 0717-9502. doi: 10.4067/S0717-95022010000400004.
Elasmobranchs are important, not only as an economic resource but also for their phylogenetic position. Their slow growth and long reproductive cycles, together with the high fisheries pressure exerted, attempt to the knowledge of all biological parameters of species. In this work we analyze the histology of the pregnant uterus of the gatuzo, a viviparous aplacental shark. The mucosa depicts modifications similar to those of placental species and others proper of histotrophism. Likewise, a network-like muscular layer in the mucosa was described for first time in the genus. The presence of vitelline plates in the gut of at term embryos suggests that the maternal supplies are not enough for the big fetus development. The relationships between maternal support and embryo growth are discussed into the matrotrophic and phylogenetic contexts.
Palavras-chave : Elasmobranchs; Reproduction; Uterus; Viviparity; Mustelus schmitti.