International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
YERI, Luis Andrés et al. Cephalic Vein: Detail of its Anatomy in the Deltopectoral Triangle. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.4, pp.1037-1042. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022009000400013.
The cephalic vein shows a scarce description, especially in the deltopectoral triangle, and its ending in the axillary vein. Some established considerations such as "superficial vein, located in the deltopectoral groove, accompanied by braches of the thoraco-acromial artery, which ends in the deltopectoral triangle in the shape of fan arch" should be reevaluated. Procedures difficulties in the la catheterization deserve for a more accurate description. A descriptive, prospective study is performed. The goal is to determine the anatomy of the cephalic vein in the deltopectoral triangle, with a special focus on the characteristics concerning its path and type of termination. Findings show that the cephalic vein is deeply placed and has a different path than that of an arch (circumference segment on a level) with a retro pectoral path and an acceptable diameter, thus useful and safe in the catheterization processes.
Palabras clave : Cephalic vein; Deltopectoral triangle; Claviepectoral triangle; Catheterization; Venous access.