International Journal of Morphology
On-line version ISSN 0717-9502
COELHO-FERRAZ, Maria Julia P; BERZIN, Fausto; AMORIM, Cesar and QUELUZ, Dagmar de Paula. Electromyographic Evaluation of Mandibular Biomechanic. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.2, pp. 485-490. ISSN 0717-9502. doi: 10.4067/S0717-95022009000200029.
The study of the craniomandibular biomechanics is related to the system of predominant lever and of the relation between function and mechanically induced deformations. This study has the purpose of evaluating the chewing muscular dynamics in the surface electromyography Seventeen people of both sex, medium aged about 25, were selected, white skin and presenting Class I of Angle without apparent sign and symptom. The electromiographic data were obtained bilaterally from the masseter muscles, anterior temporal portion at the rest position and isometric position. Medtrace® passive bipolar surface electrodes were used coppled to a pre-amplifier, forming a circuit corresponding to a differential circuit. The registrations of the electric signals were caught by EMG- 800C equipment of Brazil EMG System Ltda with eigth channels, sample frequency of 2 KH and 16 bits resolution, digital filter with a band pass of 20-500 Hz. A comparison was through "t" Student or a Man- Whitney test according to the normality or not of the distribution, respectively. The results have shown important differences between the tasks but without sexual dimorphism. All these results indicate to the electrical activity of the temporal muscle in its anterior portion was bigger than the masseter muscle in rest position and the masseter muscle presented a higher potential of action than the anterior temporal muscle in isometric.
Keywords : Mandibular biomechanical; Electromyography.