International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
RODRIGUES, Antonio de Castro et al. Anatomy of the Facial Nerve and its Implication in the Surgical Procedures. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.1, pp. 183-186. ISSN 0717-9502. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022009000100031.
Facial palsy, parotid diseases and others are a relatively common clinical condition with a variety of causes. Irrespective of its etiology, facial palsy always represents a very serious problem for the patient. Parotid gland diseases also are very common occurrence. In this particular case, the knowledge of surgical anatomy of the facial nerve and its correlations with the parotid gland is very important for an adequate preservation in the cases of surgery of benign and malignant diseases of the parotid gland. Although the surgical anatomy of the facial nerve has been well documented, the concept of surgical treatment for parotid tumors, facial palsy (neurorraphy techniques) and submandibular surgical approach are rarely challenged now.
Palabras llave : Facial nerve; Surgical anatomy; Facial palsy; Parotid gland.