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International Journal of Morphology

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502

Resumen

REXHEPI, Agron  y  MEKA, Vjollca. Cephalofacial Morphological Characteristics of Albanian Kosova Population. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.4, pp. 935-940. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022008000400024.

Although the human race must be regarded as a unit intellectually and physically, from the anthropologists' viewpoint the particular set of bones most often measured for purposes of racial classification are those of the head. The aim of the present work was to determine some relevant cephalofacial parameters, particularly in relation to sex and to study the distribution of basic head and face types of a Kosova Albanian population. The study sample comprised 754 subjects of both sex (561 male and 193 female) aged 18 to 35 from Kosova. Five basic cephalofacial variables were measured to obtain the head and face indexes. Statistically significant differences between two treated groups, according to sex, were found almost in all measured cephalofacial variables. Such proportional differences did not influence only the Total Facial índex. According to the horizontal cephalic Índex the head of the treated subjects (51.9% males, 46.1% females) mainly belongs to brachiocephalic type; According to the vertical cephalic Índex 48.4% of the treated male entities and 40.4% of the female entities belongs to the type with low hypsicephalic head. According to the transverse cephalic Índex both treated entities mainly (male 66.8% and female 75.1%) belongs to the group with tapeinocephalic type of the head. According to the total facial index the treated male entities are mainly distributed in two types of the face: leptoprosop type (31.2%) and hyperleptoprosop type (31.6%), whereas the female entities are mostly (48.7%) concentrated in hyperleptoprosop facial type.

Palabras clave : Anthropological; Cephalofacial; Facial index; Cephalic index.

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