International Journal of Morphology
On-line version ISSN 0717-9502
GUIDA, Heraldo Lorena and ZORZETTO, Neivo Luiz. Morphological and Histochemical Analysis of the Human Vestibular Fold. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2007, vol.25, n.3, pp. 537-543. ISSN 0717-9502. doi: 10.4067/S0717-95022007000300010.
A morphological and histochemical study of the human vestibular fold was carried out using routine histological techniques. Seven µm-thick histo logical sections stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Callej a showed the presence of elastic collagen fibers and seromucous glands in the vestibular fold. Muscle fibers forming the ventricular muscle were also identified. Ultrastructural analyses of the epithelial layer by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed ciliated cells and gland ducts opening on the epithelial surface. Histochemical analyses were performed on ventricular muscles submitted to nicotinamide-adenine-dinucleotide tetrazolium reductase (NADH-TR), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), and myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase (mATPase) reactions. Based on these reactions, it was observed that the muscle is formed by three types of muscle fibers: slow-twitch oxidative (SO), fast-twitch oxydative glycolytic (FOG) and fast-twitch glycolytic (FG) fibers distributed in a mosaic pattern. The fiber frequency was 22.7%, 69.9% and 7.4%, respectively. The higher frequency of SO and FOG fibers characterized the muscle as having aerobic metabolism and resistance to fatigue. The ventricular muscle was considered fast. The study of the neuromuscular junctions performed after nonspecific esterase reaction showed that they are of the en-plaque type and have multiple occurrences in the ventricular muscle
Keywords : Larynx; Vestibular fold; Morphology.