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International Journal of Morphology

versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502

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NEIVA, Gentileza Santos Martins; DA MOTA, Diógenes Luís; BATISTA, Ângela Maria Vieira  y  SOUSA-RODRIGUES, Célio Fernando de. Mucous Membrane of the Rumen of Ovines, Fed With Spineless, Forrage Cactus or Palm (Barbary Fig) (Opuntia ficus indica Mil): Hystochemical Study by Means of Light Microscopy. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.4, pp. 723-728. ISSN 0717-9502.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022006000500034.

The mucosa of the rumen performs the functions of absorption, transportation, metabolism and protection, due to the presence of microorganisms in this compartment of the digestive tract, which are responsible for the digestion of approximately 60% of the organic material apparently digested. The histological structure and the histochemical profile of glicoconjugate of the mucosa of the stomach of sheep that were being fed with forrage cactus or palm (Giant Palm - Opuntia ficus indica Mil)1. Twelve sheep were used, with approximately 14 months old, which were oddly distributed in four diets: D1- 60.0% forrage palm + 40.0% concentrated ration; D2- 47.5% forrage palm + 12.5% elephant, napier grass + 40.0% concentrated ration, and D3 - 34,8% forrage palm + 25.2% elephant, napier grass + 40.0% concentrated ration and D4 - 60.0% elephant, napier grass + 40.0% concentrated ration. The experience period lasted 90 days, and, at the end, the animals were euthanized and fragments of different compartments of their stomachs were taken right after. The animals having consumed diets D1, D2 e D3 presented more developed papillas, while the ones of diet D4, presented less developed papillas. The stratum corneum of the epithelium of the rumen coating of the animals in diet D1 presented a slight erosion, when compared to those in diets D2, D3 and D4

Palabras llave : Mucous membrane; Histology; Histochemistry; Forrage palm; Forrage cactus; Ovine.

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