International Journal of Morphology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9502
INZUNZA, Oscar; D'ACUNA, Eduardo y BRAVO, Hermes. PRACTICAL EVALUATION IN ANATOMY. PERFORMANCE OF FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO DIFFERENT WAYS OF ASKING QUESTIONS. Int. J. Morphol. [online]. 2003, vol.21, n.2, pp. 131-136. ISSN 0717-9502. doi: 10.4067/S0717-95022003000200006.
To keep a high standard teaching Anatomy, some innovations procedures have been introduded, to face facts such as diminution in the number of hours lectures, increase in the number of students, lack of cadaveric preparations and decrease in the number of available teachers. These innovation procedures include use of prosections, web pages with animated photographs, clinical images such as RX, TAC, RNM. The practical test have incorporated questions related to these material which is available in the laboratory of Anatomy and in the web site. This paper analize the performance of medical students in relation to the new form of asking questions related to the practical knowledge of Anatomy. We compare the average grade of the students in six different types of questions: 1) Cadaveric preparations shown in the laboratory, 2) Animated photographs of the web, 3) RNM, 4) New cadaveric preparations 5) Sectional anatomy and 6) RX. The analisis of the results shows that the students recognize easily the anatomical structures shown in the bidimensional figures (computer, RX, RNM). Tridimensional preparation have more difficulty in the recognition of the anatomical structures. The difference in the average grades compare with the previous ones is statisticaly significant. The use of computer images to teach anatomy is an important help to the students. Nevertheless the tridimentional understanding is not resolve by this teaching procedure. The study in the cadaveric preparations has its own value that can not be avoid
Palabras clave : Human Anatomy; Learning-teaching; Medicine.