Revista chilena de radiología
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9308
MIRANDA G, Gonzalo; DIAZ G, Carolina; DELLIEN Q, Holvis y HERMOSILLA, Héctor. IMAGING APPROACH TO BRAIN LESIONS IN HIV PATIENTS. Rev. chil. radiol. [online]. 2008, vol.14, n.4, pp. 200-207. ISSN 0717-9308. doi: 10.4067/S0717-93082008000400004.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a neurotropic virus that crosses the blood-brain barrier at early stages of the disease. Thus, the central nervous system (CNS) constitutes the major target of HIV, and according to estimations approximately two-thirds of patients will develop CNS involvement during the course of their disease. CNS diseases spectrum is wide and can be categorized into primary effects of HIV, opportunistic infections, neoplasms and vascular disease. A prompt diagnosis and treatment of such disorders is critical. Imaging studies play a crucial role in the diagnostic process. Therefore, characteristics of neuro-images in patients with HIV and their neurologi-cal manifestations have been reviewed.
Palabras clave : Differential diagnosis; Neuro-images; HIV.