Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría
versión On-line ISSN 0717-9227
SALVO G, Lilian y MELIPILLAN A, Roberto. Predictors of suicidality in adolescents. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2008, vol.46, n.2, pp. 115-123. ISSN 0717-9227. doi: 10.4067/S0717-92272008000200005.
Background: The suicidality has increased in adolescents. Its prevention requives to detect suicide ideation, suicide attempts and associated factors. Objectives: To determine the contribution of the self-esteem, impulsivity, family cohesión, family adaptability, social support in theprediction of suicidality in adolescents. Subjects and Methods: The Suicidality Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Impulsivity Scale, Olson Family Cohesión and Adaptability Scale and the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support of Zimet were administered to 763 high school students. For statistical analysis, tstudent, Pearson coefficient of correlation and múltiple linear regression analyses, was used. Results: 19.1% committed suicidal attempts and 7.9% had thought many times tofinish with their Ufe. Difference in the relation between gender and suicidality was founded t (751): -6.69; p < 0,001, beinggreater in women. Age (r: 0.12; p < 0.01) and impulsivity (r: 0,28; p < 0.001) is related directly to suicidality; self-esteem (r: -0.49;p < 0.001), family cohesión (r: -0.36; p < 0.001) and social support (r: -0.34; p < 0.001) inversely. The predictors explains 33.8%) ofthe suicidality (R2:0.338); they contribute in sequence of impórtame: self-esteem (ß: -0.33; sr.2:0.08; p < 0.001), gender (ß: -0.19; sr.2:0.033; p < 0.001), impulsivity (ß: 0,17; sr.2: 0.025; p < 0.001), family cohesión (fc -0.14; sr.2: 0.011; p < 0.001), social support (ß: -0.11; sr.2: 0.008; p < 0.01) and age (ß: -0.07; sr.2: 0.005; p < 0.05). Conclusions: The idolescents with less self-esteem, greater impulsivity, with problems of family cohesión and less social support present greater suicidality.
Palabras clave : Suicidality adolescent; predictor suicidality; suicide ideation; attempted suicide.