Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría
versão On-line ISSN 0717-9227
DE LA BARRA, Flora; TOLEDO, Virginia e RODRIGUEZ, Jorge. Mental health study in two cohorts of schoolchildren from west Santiago. III: Early predictors of behavioral and cognitive problems. Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr. [online]. 2003, vol.41, n.1, pp. 65-76. ISSN 0717-9227. doi: 10.4067/S0717-92272003000100008.
Introduction. Longitudinal predictive studies regarding children´s mental health are reviewed, emphasizing that they are very scarce in Latin America. Objectives. To study the continuity of behavioral and cognitive problems in a population of schoolchildren and to detect first grade predictors for problems observed in sixth grade. Method. This study used a developmental epidemiologic format to obtain teachers and parents ratings of first graders aggressive / disobedient behaviors, shyness, cognitive/concentration deficits, emotional immaturity and hyperactivity. Students were re-evaluated in sixth grade to determine the course of behavioral development and early predictors for later outcomes; self-esteem was also measured at this time. 1279 children were assessed in first grade; 535 students who remained in the same schools and had not been retained were re-evaluated in sixth grade. Results. Logistic regressions found stability and continuity in teacher and parent ratings. Many early maladaptive behaviors predicted later problems. Disobedience / aggression, hyperactivity and teachers global opinion of bad conduct increased the risk of multiple outcomes. Conclusions. Detection of behavioral and cognitive problems in first grade predicted problems in sixth grade and provided important information for the development of preventive interventions
Palavras-chave : developmental psychopathology; child psychiatric epidemiology; early predictors.