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Parasitología latinoamericana

versão On-line ISSN 0717-7712

Resumo

SOLANO, LISETI et al. INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFESTATION AND OTHERS INFECTIOUS BACKGROUNDS INFLUENCE IN THE ANTROPOMETRIC NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN IN POVERTY. Parasitol. latinoam. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.1-2-3-4, pp. 12-19. ISSN 0717-7712.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-77122008000100003.

Parasitic infestations affect mainly infantile population of low economic resources. In order to assess this evidence, pathological antecedents of diarrhea, superior and inferior respiratory infection and measles were evaluated in 257 apparently healthy children (boys and girls) aged 2-18 from the South of Valencia city, Edo. Carabobo 250 feces samples were examinationed by fresh and Kato method. The Anthropometric nutritional status was determined by combination of indicators (corporal dimension, corporal composition) and mixed indicators. Sociodemográfic evaluation was performed by method of Graffar-Méndez. Frecuency distribution and Chi2 association was measure, with a significance value of p < 0,05. It was found 49.6% of parasitic infestation with predominance of socioeconomic strata IV and V Monoparasitism and protozoa infestation were highly prevalent. Superior respiratory infection was the most frequent antecedent. A statistically significant association between diarrhea antecedents and parasite infestation, therewas more specifically between antecedent of acute diarrhea and infestación by Giardia lamblia or Trichuris trichiura. A statistically significant association was found among undernourishment, parasitism and antecedent of diarrhea, but it could not be demonstrated when discrimination by type of parasite and degree of undernourishment. Deleterious effect of parasitic infestation on the nutritional status; was found diarrhea antecedents can lead to the diagnosis, important cause of infantile morbidity in communities in poverty situation.

Palavras-chave : Parasitism; diarrhea; malnutrition; poverty.

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