Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
versión ISSN 0717-7526
RIQUELME H, Giselle; CONCHA P, Ximena y URRUTIA S, María Teresa. Intervenciones educativas para la prevención del cáncer cervicouterino. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2012, vol.77, n.2, pp. 111-115. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262012000200006.
Background: Cervical cancer has become in recent years the most common cancer in women. Early detection through screening of PAP has been insufficient, being indispensable to search for new strategies to prevent it, one of which is the incorporation of educational interventions. Objective: To educational interventions aimed at preventing cervical cancer and identify its main features. Method: Literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, ProQuest, Scielo and Tripdatabase, selecting for analysis, 15 research articles that reflected the purpose stated. Analysis: Educational interventions used to address cervical cancer prevention topics such as general knowledge about cervical cancer, PAP and HPV, cervical cancer beliefs, attitudes, preventive against this disease, among others. The educational brochures (pamphlets) and discussion sessions are the methodologies used in these interventions, measuring the effectiveness of these through the application of pre and post test, either immediately after surgery, or over time. Note that this type of educational interventions are effective in improving aspects such as the level of knowledge in the population and the acquisition of preventive behavior (adherence to PAP). Conclusion: Considering the benefits of educational interventions in the prevention of cervical cancer, it is essential to expand its use, not forgetting that their job involves the prevention of the disease, being able to prevent deaths of young women and increasing health burden of disease of a country.
Palabras clave : Education; cervical cancer; prevention.