Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526
SANHUEZA R, Pablo y OLIVA P, Luis. EFICIENCIA DE LOS MÉTODOS DIAGNÓSTICOS EN EL ESTUDIO DEL SANGRADO UTERINO ANORMAL EN LA PERI Y POSTMENOPAUSIA. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2008, vol.73, n.1, pp. 58-62. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262008000100010.
Abnormal uterine bleeding is an important symptom that can mean presence of endometrial cáncer or endometrial hyperplasia. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of selected diagnostic methods in peri and potmenopausal women with abnormal uterine bleeding, and to propose a way to manage in these patients. Different diagnostic methods are assessed, which include transvaginal ultrasonography, sonohysterography, Doppler technique, magnetic resonance images, biopsy by Pipelle, dilatation and curettage, and hysteroscopy. It is founded that ultrasonography has a high efficiency when it comes for identifying diffuse lesions, while sonohysterography has a high efficiency for identify focal lesions. On the other hand biopsy by Pipelle has demonstrated to rule out diffuse pathology with a high efficiency. It is concluded that the best way to manage patients with abnormal uterine bleeding by performing ultrasonography and sonohysterography at the same time followed by a Pipelle biopsy. Finally, it can be suggested that by this way it is highly probable that all cases with endometrial carcinoma and endometrial hyperplasia can be identified
Palabras clave : Abnormal uterine bleeding; metrorrhagia; endometrial cáncer.