Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
On-line version ISSN 0717-7526
URIBE T, Claudia et al. BIENESTAR MATERNO DURANTE EL PROCESO DE PARTO: DESARROLLO Y APLICACIÓN DE UNA ESCALA DE MEDICIÓN. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2008, vol.73, n.1, pp. 4-10. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262008000100002.
Objective: To design and test an objective and self-administered instrument in order to evalúate the wellbeing of women during childbirth. Method: Combinations of qualitative and quantitative methodologies were considered. Using focus groups and individual interviews, the subjective perception of maternal wellbeing in its distinct dimensions was explored. In the quantitative phase, using a cross sectional correlational design, the scale was tested and validated in 303 women post-partum in a public hospital in the south west section of Santiago, and at the same time the level of wellbeing of women in childbirth was explored. Results: The Scale of Maternal Wellbeing in Childbirth, explored maternal wellbeing in three levéis: optimal, adequate and unpleasant; more than 60% of the women reported their level of wellbeing as adequate or optimal, significantly associated with the type of delivery and parity of the women. The score of wellbeing was not associated with time of shift, partner status, level of education, or socio-economic status of the women. The dimensión that significantly correlated with the wellbeing score was the quality of professional care, this one reported de highest score as a subscale. Conclusión: The instrument allow to evalúate the maternal wellbeing during childbirth
Keywords : Maternal wellbeing; patient satisfaction; childbirth; scale; score.