Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
On-line version ISSN 0717-7526
GONZALEZ L, Ángelo; ESPINOSA F, Victoria; LOPEZ A, Fanny and FERNANDEZ M, Lautaro. ESTILO DE VIDA SALUDABLE EN LA PREVENCIÓN DE LA OSTEOPOROSIS EN LA MUJER CLIMATÉRICA. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2007, vol.72, n.6, pp. 383-389. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262007000600005.
Background: Osteoporosis is classified as a chronic illness non transferable with risk factors like: sedentary, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, and intake of a non balanced diet. Objective: The present studied it sought to establish the relationship between the healthy lifestyle and the prevention of the osteoporosis in the climacteric woman without associate pathology. Method: Comparative and descriptive analysis with non experimental traverse correlation design. The sample was conformed by 80 climacteric women in osteoporosis treatment and 80 climacteric women without medical diagnosis of osteoporosis, but with similar sociodemographic features. To gather the information a semistructurated survey it was used and validated in the study. The statistical analysis was based on the application of the Mann-Whitney and McNemar Test. Results: The osteoporotic women were more sedentary and they ingested smaller quantities of calcium that the women without medical diagnosis of the pathology, in a same way have used in smaller extension hormonal replacement therapy. In the osteoporotic group the consumption of tobacco was a risk factor for osteoporosis but not the alcohol. Conclusions: Having a healty lifestyle during climatery is an useful strategy for preventing osteoporosis in this population, cause were detect as osteoporosis risk factors in this study, the emaciated nutritional state, not carrying out physical activity and being sedentary, to have antecedents of consumption of tobacco and their current consumption, the insufficient consumption of dietary calcium and/or their therapeutic use for smaller periods to one year
Keywords : Osteoporosis; lifestyles; climacteric; hormone replacement therap.