Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7526
SOTO L, Carmen et al. EDUCACIÓN PRENATAL Y SU RELACIÓN CON EL TIPO DE PARTO: UNA VÍA HACIA EL PARTO NATURAL. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2006, vol.71, n.2, pp. 98-103. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262006000200005.
Objective: To determine that an educative intervention during pregnancy has effects on the pregnancy, delivery and newborn. Method: A semi experimental study design was made in series of normal cases with 940 primiparous, since 20 weeks of gestation in two Municipal Centers of Health, Concepción, Chile, between 2001 and 2004. It was applied an educative intervention in 8 sessions to 40 primiparous with his respective partner and doula. The results were compared with a reference group of 55 normal primiparous. Results: The comparison between the study and reference groups show significant difference in: pregnancy pathology, 17.5% versus 47.3% (p<0.05); use of oxytocin, 40 % versus 78.2% (p<0.01); need of episiotomy, 64.9% versus 100% (p<0.01); caesarean section rate, 7.5% versus 27.3% (p<0.01). Conclusion: Education during gestation using protocols in the prenatal control reduced the number of unnecessary routine intervention during pregnancy and birth
Palabras clave : Prenatal education; bonding; natural birth; doula.