Revista chilena de obstetricia y ginecología
On-line version ISSN 0717-7526
DONOSO S, Enrique; DONOSO D, Andrés and VILLARROEL DEL P, Luis. MORTALIDAD PERINATAL E INFANTIL Y EL BAJO PESO AL NACER EN CHILE Y CUBA EN EL PERIODO 1991-2001. Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. [online]. 2004, vol.69, n.3, pp. 203-208. ISSN 0717-7526. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75262004000300004.
Objective. To compare perinatal and infant mortality rate and low birth weight between Chile and Cuba. Method. Fetal, early neonatal, perinatal and infant mortality rate for Chile and Cuba for the period between 1991 to 2001 were analyzed. The information was obtained from the National Vital Statistical Records from the respective countries. Pearson correlation, T student and Chi square test were used for comparison. Results. Early neonatal and infant mortality rate were significantly lower for Cuba compared with Chile. Late fetal mortality rate, perinatal mortality rate and low birth weight were significantly lower for Chile compared with Cuba. There was a similar trend to decrease in all the indices analyzed for both countries. Infant mortality in Cuba was more related to accidents and sepsis and less due to perinatal factors, congenital anomalies, pneumonia or congenital anomalies compared to Chile. Conclusion. Both Chile and Cuba showed a significant reduction in perinatal and infant mortality for the period between 1991 to 2001
Keywords : Perinatal mortality; infant mortality; low birth weight; latinamerican vital statistics.