SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.38 número4ANTROPOMETRÍA Y ANÁLISIS DE IMPEDANCIA BIOELÉCTRICA COMPARADO CON ABSORCIOMETRÍA FOTÓNICA DUAL PARA LA EVALUACIÓN DE LA COMPOSICIÓN CORPORAL EN PACIENTES INFECTADOS POR VIH índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Revista chilena de nutrición

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518

Resumen

CADAVID C, Martha; ZAPATA Z, Maryories; AGUIRRE A, Daniel  y  ALVAREZ U, Martha. INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT OF SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS LOCATED IN THE NORTHEAST AND NORTHWEST AREAS OF MEDELLIN BASED ON THE LEVEL OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2011, vol.38, n.4, pp. 392-403. ISSN 0717-7518.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182011000400001.

Objective: To analyze the association between school-aged children intelligence quotient and their household food security levels and socioeconomic conditions. Methodology: Cross-sectional analysis with a randomly selected group of 423 school-aged children enrolled in 41 public schools located in the northeast and northwest areas of Medellin, Colombia. The intelligence quotient (IQ) was assessed using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV). Household food security was assessed using the Latin American and Caribbean Household Food Security Scale. Results: There were significant differences (p<0,001) between children IQ in household with good food security (mean: 93.6 ± 12.7) and severe household food insecurity (mean: 87.5 ± 15.4). The lower IQ scores were explained partly by diminished household food insecurity and socioeconomic conditions. Conclusions: To live under unfavorable environmental conditions predicts children cognitive problems and these effects are bigger if the families experiencing food insecurity or hunger.

Palabras llave : Intelligence quotient; household food insecurity; children; poverty; Medellin- Colombia.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · pdf en Español