Revista chilena de nutrición
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518
HERRAN F, Oscar Fernando; PRADA G, Gloria Esperanza y ARDILA L, Maria Fernanda. USUAL INTAKE OF NUTRIENTS AND ENERGY IN BUCARAMANGA, COLOMBIA: ANALYSIS OF INTAKE RECORDS 1998-2003. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2007, vol.34, n.4, pp. 307-319. ISSN 0717-7518. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75182007000400004.
The measurement of dietary intake is complex. The analysis methods, when used incorrectly, can distort reality generating a waste of resources and opportunities to intervene appropriately at the individual and population level. The intake records of seven consecutive days of 167 subjects were analyzed using the methods proposed by the University of Iowa and compared with the values of reference of dietary intake (DRI's). The variation in energy consumption compared with recommendations was 15%. Ninety two % of the men and 80% of the women's consumed protein above the recommendation (RDA). The average consumption of total fiber was half of the recommendation and all the people had intakes below the RDA. Seventeen % consumed total fats above the RDA regardless of differences in body mass index (BMI). The intake of saturated fat was twice that of polyunsaturated fat. The consumption of monounsaturated, polyunsaturated and saturated fat also did not change for different BMI. The socioeconomic level was associated to the intake of proteins and fats. It is evident that the diet is not healthy and represents a risk factor for cancer development, cardiovascular events and other chronic illnesses
Palabras clave : dietary evaluation; nutrition; PC-side; dietary intake; Colombia.