Revista chilena de nutrición
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518
HERRAN F, Oscar Fernando; PRADA G, Gloria Esperanza y QUINTERO L, Doris Cristina. USUAL INTAKE OF VITAMINS AND MINERALS IN BUCARAMANGA, COLOMBIA. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2007, vol.34, n.1, pp. 35-44. ISSN 0717-7518. doi: 10.4067/S0717-75182007000100004.
The usual intake represents the dietary intake of medium and long term; its estimate being preferable to that of the current intake. The usual intake allows comparison with values of dietary reference intake (DRI's) to establish the deficiency or excess. One hundred and sixty seven subjects between 20 and 60 years old, selected at random, completed a record of intake of foods during seven serial days. The inadequate intake was evident for folic acid (30% in men and 50% in women, p < 0.001), zinc (16% for men and 28% for women, p < 0.001) and magnesium (47% for men and 48% for women, p < 0.001). Women had a higher risk of inadequacy than men in consumption of vitamins. Except for folic acid, all studied vitamins were consumed in smaller quantities in the socioeconomic level one, showing a lineal trend (p < 0.001). Deficit in the intakes existed for some vitamins and minerals which may favour the development of chronic diseases and cardiovascular events. It is necessary to continue developing charts of composition of foods that allow a translation of the diet to nutrition, in a way more appropriate and more coherent with the type of epidemic profile and the conditions of dietary intake
Palabras clave : dietary evaluation; PC-side; intake of vitamins; intake of minerals; Colombia.