Revista chilena de nutrición
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518
MELLA V, Ivón; SALVO A, Lorena y GONZALEZ S, María Angélica. CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTHERS AND THEIR MACROSOMIC NEWBORNS OF HERMINDA MARTIN HOSPITAL OF CHILLÁN. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2006, vol.33, n.2, pp. 180-186. ISSN 0717-7518. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182006000200007.
Newborn macrosomy is a condition appearing with increasing frequency reaching 9,46% in Chile in 2003. This alteration increases maternal and fetal morbi-mortality. The purpose of this study was to recognize the characteristics of mothers and their macrosomic newborns at birth in a Hospital of Chillán. A descriptive study of 302 macrosomic newborns and their mothers was done. The data was obtained from the Perinatal Information System and maternal clinical files. These newborns were mainly males, length and head circumference large for gestational age, normal ponderal index, and did not present any pathology. The mothers were mainly characterized as being between 18 to 35 years of age, without pathologies but presenting malnutrition for excess before and at the term of pregnancy, and a weight increase during pregnancy higher than recommended. It is suggested that the nutritional situation of the women be optimized in Chile before and during pregnancy
Palabras clave : Neonatal macrosomy; macrosomic newborns; mothers of macrosomic newborns; weight at birth; newborns large for gestational age.