Revista chilena de nutrición
versión On-line ISSN 0717-7518
FERRETTI, José Luis; CAPOZZA, Ricardo F. y COINTRY, Gustavo R.. INTERACTION BETWEEN NUTRITION AND THE BIOMECHANICAL CONTROL OF BONE STRUCTURE. Rev. chil. nutr. [online]. 2003, vol.30, n.2, pp. 107-120. ISSN 0717-7518. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-75182003000200005.
New developments in osteology are showing a high impact on the interpretation of some nutritional aspects of the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of the bone-loosing or bone-weakening disease. They concern chiefly with 1, the different levels of biological complexity of the skeletons; 2, the true determinant factors of the biomechanical properties of bone; 3, the way the bones built-up themselves, 4, the biological control of the biomechanical efficiency of bone structure; 5, the effects of the mechanical (directional) environment on the expression of the genetical determination of bone structure, and 6, the interference of systemic (non-directional), endocrine-metabolic factors on the biomechanical control of bone stiffness and strength. An overview of those matters is provided, focused on the necessary background for the interpretation of the role of nutrition in bone physiology and pathophysiology, and the nutritional interferences with the corresponding mechanisms
Palabras clave : Nutrition and bone; bone biomechanics; bone structure; bone strength; nutrition and osteoporosis.