versión ISSN 0717-7356
BOLADOS GARCIA, Paola. MULTICULTURAL NEOLIBERALISM IN THE POST DICTATORSHIP CHILE: INDIGENOUS HEALTH POLICY AND ITS EFFECTS ON MAPUCHE AND ATACAMEÑO COMMUNITIES. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2012, vol.44, n.1, pp. 135-144. ISSN 0717-7356. doi: 10.4067/S0717-73562012000100010.
This article analyzes the formation of the field of intercultural health in Chile associated with the ideological-conceptual framework we have defined as multicultural neoliberalism. This context emerges with the restoration of democracy in the early 90's and the continuity of the neoliberal economic model imposed during the previous dictatorship. Paradoxically, due to pressures on indigenous organizations, from state and transnational agencies, to incorporate indigenous healing practices into the public system, progressive bureaucratization and neoliberalization were fostered. Finally, the side effects of such interventions in health on Atacameño and Mapuche intercultural experiences were examined in relation to the professionalization of indigenous knowledge and the creation of experts promoted by these programs.
Palabras clave : Multicultural neoliberalism; intercultural health; Mapuche and Atacameño.