versión ISSN 0717-7356
MUNOZ OVALLE, Iván. Persistence of the fishing-collecting tradition on Arica coast: Identification of cultural features and discussion on the reach in the context of early agricultural societies. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.especial, pp. 469-485. ISSN 0717-7356. doi: 10.4067/S0717-73562011000300009.
the study of in transit population towards agriculture on the coastal valleys of Arica shows evidence of a strong presence of technological features linked to the archaic Period. despite the social and economical transformations produced during the initial agricultural process, the work on stone, bone and the use of vegetable fiber donote the persistency of these contexts over time. seen through materiality, such persistency makes us think about the importance that local populations had on the organizational strategies which established the early village populations, contrasting with a minor presence of the features from other cultural areas such as the puna which had probably affected coastal valleys like Azapa during the formative Period. the cultural information discusses the presence of the fishing-collecting tradition in the context of the beginning of the village’s agricultural tradition correspond to evidence obtained from domestic and funeral areas linked to preceramic settlement in Arica’s coast, which were contrasted to materiality from populations from tumulus and housing floors linked to the formative period of Azapa Valley. the discussion of both materialities gives us an interesting vision in the sense of that, on one side, we see the presence of original indicators inside the cultural knowledge of these in transit populations towards agriculture, however, and maybe in a more frequent context we register the presence of artifacts typical of these archais coastal populations; thus emphasizing a cultural continuity which is not lost with the agricultural economy changes.
Palabras clave : fishing-collecting; archaic Period; cultural features; formative societies.