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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

COCILOVO, José A.; VARELA, Héctor H.; COSTA-JUNQUEIRA, María A.  y  QUEVEDO, Silvia G.. ARCHAIC FISHERfolk from THE MOUTH OF THE RÍO LOA (NORTHERN CHILE): THE CALETA HUELÉN 42 SITE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2005, vol.37, n.1, pp.5-19. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562005000100002.

The archaeological site of Caleta Huelén 42 is located on the northern edge of the mouth of the Loa river, in the northern Chile. The site relates culturally to the second phase of the Camarones Complex, as well as with the Quiani Complex. It represents an important southward continuum of the expansion of archaic fishing groups similar to Morro 1, Morro 1/6 and Camarones 14, towards the more southerly point of Punta Teatinos and El Cerrito. The materials that make up the collection were excavated in the 1970s by Núñez, Zlatar and Núñez; with osseous remains housed in the National Museum of Natural History (Santiago). the study is based on analysis of metric traits and indicators of pathology and traumas. Sexual dimorphism was measured through the one-way ANOVA method, and biological relationships with similar groups are inferred on the basis of multivariate analytical techniques (Morro 1, Morro 1/6, Morro Uhle, El Cerrito y Punta Teatinos). The results suggest that a third of these individuals had signs of infection in their lower limbs. The percentage of persons with signs of osseous trauma is comparatively low (8,3 %) and is linked to accident-type injuries. Only a small part of the sample hints at nutritional pathologies. No traces of artificial cranial deformation are present, and sexual dimorphism is found in half the measurements. While it is possible to establish a common ancestral origin for all five of the groups compared in this study, the closest relationships are established among samples from the Arid North (Caleta Huelén 42 and the Morro de Arica samples, such as Morro Uhle, Morro 1, Morro 1/6), rather than with the series from the Semi-Arid North (El Cerrito y Punta Teatinos)

Palabras clave : Caleta Huelén 42; Chinchorro; Late Archaic; Northern Chile.

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