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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

PERALES MUNGUIA, Manuel F.. THE INKA CONTROL OF ETHNIC FRONTIERS: THOUGHTS FROM RICRÁN VALLEY IN THE CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF PERU. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2004, vol.36, n.2, pp. 515-523. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562004000200021.

This article deals with a possible Inka site known as Guayoay Vilca located near the main huaca of the Tarama ethnic group (Albornoz 1967:30) on Mt. Apohuayhuay in the central highlands of Peru. First I provide an overview of the ethnic groups found in this area during the Late Intermediate period utilizing both ethnohistorical and archaeological data. The evidence suggests that an ethnic boundary existed in this area between the Tarama and Xauxa. The snow-capped Mt. Apohuayhuay is clearly associated with two kinds of frontiers. The first is cultural, marking the division between the Xauxa and Tarama ethnic groups; the second is natural insofar as it stands at the nexus of two distinct landscapes: the highlands of Ricrán and the tropical forests of Monobamba. Both types of frontiers would have been of considerable symbolic significance to the local populations. I then discuss how the Inka may have attempted to manipulate this border in order to consolidate their ideological and political control over the native societies through their construction of the site of Otorongo

Palabras llave : Inka ceremonial site; Central Andes; Ricrán valley; Apohuayhuay; settlement patterns; ethnic frontiers.

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