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Chungará (Arica)

versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356

Resumen

CHAVEZ CHAVEZ, José Antonio. INVESTIGACIONES ARQUEOLÓGICAS DE ALTA MONTAÑA EN EL SUR DEL PERÚ . Chungará (Arica) [online]. 2001, vol.33, n.2, pp. 283-288. ISSN 0717-7356.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73562001000200014.

We started our research in high mountains in Southern Perú by 1980 together with Dr. Johan Reinhard. We have concurrently performed fieldwork and have gathered literature relevant to our research. Then, we have a lot of information about the Inca Santuaries in high mountains. Our Research is mainly about Ampato, Pichu Pichu, Calcha, Sara Sara, Hualca Hualca, Huarancante, Misti, coropuna and other volcanoes. So far, we have recovered and are keeping eight human bodies from: Ampato volcano (4 bodies), Pichu Pichu ( 3 bodies), and Sara Sara (1 body). As a result, of our research we now have a better understanding and conceptual framework about human sacrifices and offerings that were carried out by Inca as worship to the mountains (Apus). Our research work confirms many data written in early chronicles of Spaniards. Sanctuaries that were investigated by us in Pichu Pichu and Ampato, confirmed that Inca performed their offerings on those mountains trying to appease the Apus after the volcanic eruptions in Misti (about 1440 AD _ 1450 A.D. ), and Sabancaya volcanoes (about 1466 A.D.). Our preliminary results obtained after hard multidisciplinary team work open new avenues for research since the variety of materials collected is enormous. Material available for research includes: DNA, pollen, microorganisms, chemicals, Cat Scan views etc

Palabras clave : Mountain shrines; mummies; human sacrifices; incas.

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