versión On-line ISSN 0717-7356
COSTA-JUNQUEIRA, María Antonietta; ALVES NEVES, Walter; DE BARROS, Ana María y BARTOLOMUCCI, Rafael. TRAUMA Y ESTRÉS EN POBLACIONES PREHISTÓRICAS DE SAN PEDRO DE ATACAMA, NORTE DE CHILE. Chungará (Arica) [online]. 1998, vol.30, n.1, pp. 65-74. ISSN 0717-7356. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-73561998000100005.
In this work we carried out a quantitative approach of the human skeleton in order to evaluate the rigor of life of the prehistoric population of San Pedro de Atacama, Northern Chile, during four different periods: Pre-Tiwanaku, Tiwanaku, Post-Tiwanaku I and Post-Tiwanaku II. A total of 161 adult individuals was analyzed in terms of cranial and post-cranial traumas. No significant differences were found between periods, sexes and sides. This results allow us to infer that the Tiwanaku influence in the region did not alter significantly the degree of exposure of the Atacameneans to the risks of the everyday life. However, other osteological markers already showed that the standard of living in terms of nutrition improved significantly under the Tiwanaku influence. These traumas are probably of accidental nature (Colles fractures) and the most affected long-bones were radius and ulna. There is also a high rate of cranial traumas what suggests a high level of interpersonal violence over the studied periods.
Palabras clave : Bone fracture; blow mark; Tiwanaku; Solcor-3; Quitor-6; Coyo-3.