Revista chilena de enfermedades respiratorias
versión ISSN 0717-7348
RODRIGUEZ D, Patricio et al. Video-thoracoscopic lobectomy. Rev. chil. enferm. respir. [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.1, pp. 23-28. ISSN 0717-7348. doi: 10.4067/S0717-73482012000100004.
Introduction: In the past two decades the advances in minimally invasive surgery have revolutionized surgical practices in all subspecialties. In pulmonary resections lobectomy by assisted video-thoracoscopy (VATS) has demonstrated to have less perioperative complications, less inflammatory response and similar oncological results in comparison with lobectomy by thoracotomy. Methods and Patients: We present a retrospective study of 30 patients subjected to lobectomy by VATS. Diagnoses, complications intra and post-surgery, bleeding, conversion to thoracotomy, operatory time, lymphoadenectomy, pleurostomy and hospitalization time, were the variables analyzed. Results: 90% of the 30 patients (n = 27) had an oncological diagnosis, the remainder patients had benign lesions (n = 3), all of them presented bronchiectasis. TNM staging showed equal distribution for stages I and II. We obtained on average 13 nodes by lymphoadenoectomy (range: 9 to 18 nodes). Operatory time was 124 min on average. With respect to complications 50% of them (n = 3) bleed more than 1,000 mL. The conversion rate in our series was 16.5% (n = 5). Pleurostomy lasted 4.09 days on average (range: 2 to 9 days). There was no mortality in our series. Conclusion: In our series, lobectomy by VATS had equal range of intra and post- surgery complications as compared to toracotomy. We believe that our study demonstrates a benefit in the recovery time of our patients.
Palabras clave : Lobectomy; videotoracoscopy; VATS.