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Historia (Santiago)

versão On-line ISSN 0717-7194

Resumo

GOLDSMITH WEIL, Jael. Milk Makes State: The Extension and Implementation of Chile's State Milk Programs, 1901-1971. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2017, vol.50, n.1, pp.79-104. ISSN 0717-7194.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942017000100003.

Since the early 20th century, Chile has responded to high indices of infant mortality and malnutrition with programs that distribute milk to families in exchange for their maintenance of a preventative healthcare program. This article outlines the background and extent of these efforts, tracking their institutionalization from charitable initiatives to a universal right as of 1954. During the government of Eduardo Frei Montalva (1964-1970) in the context of a progressive communitarian health project, local clinic workers would go door-to-door recruiting mothers to become beneficiaries. For many women, neither formal workers nor habitual voters, these encounters were their first with the state. The article relies on site-intensive research and in-depth interviews with experts, service providers and families to trace how state expansion was experienced at the local level.

Palavras-chave : Chile; twentieth century; Public Health Expansion; National Milk Program; Infant-mother Health Care; Promoción Popular; Citizen-state Interactions.

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