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versión On-line ISSN 0717-7194
PINTO VALLEJOS, Julio. La construcción social del estado en el Perú: El régimen de Castilla y el mundo popular, 1845-1856. Historia (Santiago) [online]. 2016, vol.49, n.2, pp.547-578. ISSN 0717-7194. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0717-71942016000200008.
This article examines the "social construction of the state", defined as the search for subaltern support in the shaping of a postcolonial hegemonic order, through the case of Peru’s liberal caudillo and state-builder Ramón Castilla. For that purpose I consider his "emancipationist decrees" of 1854 (abolition of Indian tribute and black slavery), his government’s performance in social matters during his first constitutional presidency (1845-1851), and the impact upon that era’s political struggles of an increasingly mobilized and demanding "populace". The hypothesis that underlies this study is that these "plebeian" presences became a factor of power and legitimacy that no political actor, regardless of subjective or "aristocratic" preferences, could afford to ignore, as became obvious during the civil wars of 1854 and 1856-1858.
Palabras clave : Peru; nineteenth century; Ramón Castilla; State-building; subaltern groups; Latin American "caudillismo".