Cuadernos de economía
On-line version ISSN 0717-6821
AGOSTINI, Claudio A; BROWN, Philip H and ROMAN, Andrei. Estimando Indigencia y Pobreza Indígena Regional con Datos Censales y Encuestas de Hogares. Cuad. econ. [online]. 2010, vol.47, n.135, pp. 125-150. ISSN 0717-6821. doi: 10.4067/S0717-68212010000100005.
While indigenous Chileans are believed to experience higher poverty rates than non-indigenous Chileans, evidence is typically based on surveys that are not representative by ethnicity. We adapt poverty mapping methodologies to estimate poverty and poverty gaps for eight indigenous groups more precisely. We find that indigenous people experience higher rates of poverty and also greater depth of poverty. These results hold within regions, suggesting that geographic variation in economic opportunity cannot fully explain the differences. We also find that the poverty burden is not equal across indigenous groups and argue that ethnicity should be included as a criterion for antipoverty targeting.
Keywords : Pobreza; Indigencia; Pueblos Indígenas; Mapas de Pobreza; Chile.