Electronic Journal of Biotechnology
versión On-line ISSN 0717-3458
MARTINEZ-QUINTANA, José Alfredo y YEPIZ-PLASCENCIA, Gloria. Glucose and other hexoses transporters in marine invertebrates: A mini review. Electron. J. Biotechnol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.5, pp.16-16. ISSN 0717-3458.
Glucose and related hexoses are very important metabolic substrates. Their most important function is to provide quick fuel for most organisms in all three kingdoms because they are the first substrate for energy production in the form of ATP through glycolysis and the subsequent metabolic pathways. In this paper we review the current information about how glucose and related hexoses are transported across biological membranes to carry out their function either as a metabolic molecule or as energy store in marine invertebrate organisms. In these animals, there are two sugar transport systems that are mediated by the sodium/solute symporter family proteins (SGLT) and the major facilitative super-family proteins (GLUT). The most studied sugar transporters in marine invertebrates are involved with dietary sugar uptake, such as SGLT1, SGLT4, GLUT2 and GLUT5, however more studies need to be done to extend the knowledge about these and other sugar transporters involved in metabolic processes.
Palabras clave : facilitative; GLUT; SGLT; sodium-dependent; transport.