Revista chilena de infectología
versión ISSN 0716-1018
VILLARROEL, Julia et al. Occupational exposure risk to body fluids in the Felix Bulnes Hospital during eleven years. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.3, pp. 255-262. ISSN 0716-1018. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182012000300002.
Accidents with risk of occupational exposure to body fluids constitute more of a third of labor accidents. Objective: To describe the annual incidence of accidents with exposure to body fluids in the Felix Bulnes Hospital from1998 to 2008. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis of reports from the Infection Control Committee. Results: During 11 years, there were 415 accidents with exposure to body fluids, with the cumulative incidence of 3,4% (range 1.3% to 6%). Sharp instrument accidents accounted for 92,5% of cases. The main health care providers affected were the paramedical technicians and the students. The highest frequency of accidents occurred in the obstetrical operating rooms (20%) and in the central operating rooms (17%). There were no cases of seroconversion and no exposure to HCV or HBV. The estimated costs were USD $35638,6 or USD $271 per 1000 staff per year. Conclusions: The incidence increased during the first years of the study and then remained stable since 2001, despite efforts in training personnel. Many factors contribute to the development of these accidents, such as lack of experience, type of clinical benefit and even daytime working hours.
Palabras clave : Body fluids; occupational exposure; incidence.