Revista chilena de infectología
version ISSN 0716-1018
NEIRA O, Patricia et al. Cryptosporidium species in immunodeficient and immunocompetent patients of Valparaíso: A descriptive study. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2012, vol.29, n.1, pp. 63-71. ISSN 0716-1018. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182012000100011.
Objective: Genetical characterization of human Cryptosporidium isolates to determine species diversity. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study in Valparaiso, Chile, was performed. A total of 458 patients participated in the study: 259 immunodeficient (HIV, cancer, renal transplant hyper-IgM syndrome, HIV and unintended pregnancy) and 178 immunocompetent individuals provided stool samples and 21 patients bile samples. Results: We obtained 29 (6.3%) positive samples. 25 (9.7%) derived from immunodeficient patients: 18 (7.3%) from HIV patients and 7 from patients with other immunodeficiencies. The remaining 4 (2.2%) samples originated from immunocompetent individuals. Cryptosporidium genotyping was performed by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragments length polymorphism and/or PCR followed by sequencing of the SSU rRNA from oocysts in stool samples. 4 species were identified: C. parvum, C. hominis, C. muris, and C. meleagridis. In immunodeficient patients, 16 C. parvum, 8 C. hominis, and 1 C. muris strain were identified. In immunocompetent participants, 3 C. hominis and 1 C. meleagridis isolate were found. Conclusion: The results indicate that zoonotic and anthroponotic transmission occurs and that C. parvum is the predominant species in our study population. Cryptosporidium species of zoonotic transmission accounted for 62% of the human infections detected in this study.
Keywords : Cryptosporidium parvum; C. hominis; C. meleagridis; C. muris; inmunocompetent; immunodeficient; descriptive study.