Revista chilena de infectología
version ISSN 0716-1018
ULLOA F, María T et al. Acute gastroenteritis caused by a Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strain harboring a genetic region homologous to the VpaI-7 pathogenicity island. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.5, pp. 470-473. ISSN 0716-1018. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182011000600012.
Pathogenic Vibrio cholerae isolates, the etiologic agents of cholera, generally express one of two O antigens (O1 or O139). Most environmental isolates are nonpathogenic and are referred to as "non-O1, non-O139". However some V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strains are clearly pathogenic and have caused outbreaks or sporadic cases of gastroenteritis and extraintestinal infections in humans. We report a case of acute gastroenteritis by a V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 harboring a genetic region homologous to a segment of the VpaI-7 V. parahaemolyticus pathogenicity island.
Keywords : Gastroenteritis; Vibrio cholerae; non-O1; non-O139; pathogenicity island.