Revista chilena de infectología
Print version ISSN 0716-1018
GARCIA C, Patricia et al. Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from stool cultures in Santiago, Chile. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2009, vol.26, n.6, pp. 511-514. ISSN 0716-1018. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182009000700004.
Campylobacter jejuni is a common agent of enterocolitis in humans. Campy lobacteriosis has been recognized as a zoonotic disease whose reservoir is the intestinal flora of poultry. The reposition of fluid and electrolytes is the recommended treatment, and antimicrobials are required only in severe and/or in prolonged disease. Given the emergence of resistance to drugs commonly used in the treatment of acute diarrhea, we studied the antimicrobial susceptibility of 73 strains oí Campylobacter jejuni isolated from stool culture. The antimicrobials tested were: erythromycin, azithromycin, ampicillin and ciprofloxacin. Of the 73 strains tested by E-test, 32.4% were resistant to ciprofloxacin and 6.4% were resistant to ampicillin. Resistance to erythromycin and azithromycin was not detected. The surveillance of antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter jejuni is important in the evaluation of empirically used antimicrobials in the treatment of bacterial enterocolitis.
Keywords : Campylobacter jejuni; enterocolitis; antimicrobial susceptibility.