Revista chilena de infectología
versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018
BROCKMANN V, Pablo; VIVIANI S, Támara y PENA D, Anamaría. Pulmonary complications in children with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2007, vol.24, n.4, pp. 301-305. ISSN 0716-1018. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182007000400007.
Pulmonary complications in children infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are common and may be the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The aim of our study was to review pulmonary diseases and complications in pediatric patients with HIV infection in a large tertiary hospital in Santiago, Chile. We performed a retrospective, descriptive analysis of 17 patients with HIV infection controlled at the Hospital Dr. Sótero del Rio. Respiratory complications/diseases were: overall pneumonia (n: 14), recurrent pneumonia (n: 10), citomegalovirus associated pneumonia (n: 4), Pneumocystis jiroveci associated pneumonia (n: 1) pulmonary tuberculosis (n: 1), lymphoid interstitial pneumonia (n: 3) and chronic pulmonary disease (n: 7). Microorganisms isolated were mostly atypical and frequently associated with severe and chronic pulmonary damage. A high degree of suspicion is required to detect atypical microorganisms promptly, in order to rapidly implement pathogen targeted therapy that could potentially decrease the possibility of sequelae
Palabras clave : human immunodeficiency virus; children; lung.