Revista chilena de infectología
versión impresa ISSN 0716-1018
JOFRE M, Leonor et al. Leuconostoc infcctions in patients with short gut syndrome, parenteral nutrition and continuous enteral feeding. Rev. chil. infectol. [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.4, pp. 340-345. ISSN 0716-1018. doi: 10.4067/S0716-10182006000400008.
Leuconostoc is a grampositive cocci, quite ubiquitous in nature. It is used in wine industry, and for aroma and texture of dairy products. Occasionally it has been isolated from humans in cases of bacteremia, catheter associated infections, sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, UTI, osteomyelitis and hepatic dysfunction. Short bowel syndrome, patients with CVC and patients with gastrostomy undergoing enteral feeding, are described amongst the factors associated with this infection. The isolation of a grampositive cocci, that does not hydrolyze arginine and that is resistant to vancomycin leads to this diagnostic possibility. Antibiotic treatment: penicillin or ampicillin
Palabras clave : Leuconostoc; bacteremia; parenteral nutrition; enteral feeding; short gut syndrome; Leuconostoc garlicum.