Revista chilena de historia natural
versión impresa ISSN 0716-078X
MOYA, CAROLINA et al. Spatial distribution patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates assemblages in an Andean Patagonian fluvial system. Rev. chil. hist. nat. [online]. 2009, vol.82, n.3, pp. 425-442. ISSN 0716-078X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-078X2009000300009.
In January of 2006 we studied the distributional patterns of benthic macroinvertebrate communities of the Baker river basin (45°50' O and 47°55' S) and their main controlling factors trying to cover the greater variety of the lotic ecosystems. To carry out the study, 27 sampling stations were located in the different sub basins of the river. In each station, physical-chemical parameters of the column of water were quantified (conductivity, dissolved oxygen, pH, temperature and turbidity), and documented characteristics of the segment (e.g. wide of the channel and sediment type) and cartographic information using a geographic information system (GIS) and complemented with cartographic information using GIS. Identified a total of 51 taxa, are mostly insect larvae (80 %). The groups most richness were orders Ephemeroptera (15 taxa), Plecoptera (8 taxa) and Trichoptera (8 taxa). The classification and ordination analyses carried out with the data of abundance, allowed to recognize seven groups stations (A-F) statistically significant (P < 0.05). The múltiple regression analysis, showed that the environmental variable that accounts for the observed biological patterns, was coverage cobble, explaining 45.1 % the variance of the biological data (r2 = 0.44 P < 0.05).
Palabras llave : Baker river basin; benthic macroinvertebrates; fluvial habitat; Froude number; Patagonian rivers.