Parasitología al día
versión impresa ISSN 0716-0720
FIGUEIROA LYRA DE FREITAS, MANUELA et al. COPROPARASITOLOGIC PROFILE OF CAPTIVE WILD MAMMALS IN PERNAMBUCO STATE, BRAZIL. Parasitol. día [online]. 2001, vol.25, n.3-4, pp. 121-125. ISSN 0716-0720. doi: 10.4067/S0716-07202001000300009.
The wild animals are hosts of a large number of internal and external parasites which interfere in the performance of this animals in captivity. The aim of this study was to identify the gastrointestinal parasites of captive wild mammals from Parque Dois Irmãos, located in Recife city, Pernambuco state, Brazil. Fresh faecal samples of 62 mammals of the Artiodactyla (n=08), Carnivora (n=20), Perissodactyla (n=03), Primates (n=29) and Rodentia (n=02) orders were analyzed by direct, spontaneous sedimentation and flotation techniques. Among the 62 animals 46 (74.2%) showed positive results for helminths and/or protozoa, distributed at follows: 22 (75.9%) Primates, 19 (95.0%) Carnivora, 03 (35.7%) Artiodactyla, and 02 (100.0%) Rodentia. All the Perissodactyla showed negative results. The prevalence of poliparasitism was 90.7% and the gastrointestinal parasites identified were: Strongyloides fulleborni, Strongyloides sp, Baylisascaris sp, Toxascaris leonina, Trichuris vulpis, Trichuris sp, Ascaridoidea, Strongyloidea, Spiruroidea, Ancylostomatidae, Trematoda, Balantidium coli, Entamoeba coli, E. histolytica, Giardia sp and Coccidia. The spontaneous sedimentation technique was the most efficient in detecting gastrointestinal parasites ova, cysts and oocysts in faeces of the animals studied. This is the first record of gastrointestinal parasites in captive wild mammals in Pernambuco state, Brazil.
Palabras clave : Gastrointestinal parasites; wild mammals in captivity; surveys; Brazil.