Revista geológica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0716-0208
LAVENU, Alain y CEMBRANO, José. Quaternary compressional deformation in the Main Cordillera of Central Chile (Cajón del Maipo, east of Santiago). Rev. geol. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.35, n.2, pp. 233-252. ISSN 0716-0208. doi: 10.4067/S0716-02082008000200003.
A detailed study of recent sediments in the Maipo River Valley (Cajón del Maipo), east of Santiago, shows a compressive deformation documented by coeval reverse faults and drag-folds. These structures are characteristic of a principal stress direction trending roughly N-S (N338°E) that also affects the older sediments of the Abanico Formation constituting the bedrock of the Quaternary alluvial terraces. Two deformation episodes are superposed in the bedrock: a Neogene deformation event (post 9 Ma), having an E-W-trending al, and a late Quaternary event with al roughly trending N-S. The latter would be the result of regional-scale partitioning of the oblique convergence vector between the Nazca and South American Plates; a buttress at 33°S would produce a north-south velocity gradient in the forearc leading to regional, north-south shortening. Shallow crustal seismicity in the inner forearc (Main Cordillera) is -at least in part- compatible with the compression direction as obtained from the kinematic analysis of mesoscopic fault-slip data.
Palabras clave : Forearc; Neotectonics; Strain; Stress; Quaternary; Central Chile; Andes.