Revista geológica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0716-0208
ORIHASHI, Yuji et al. Quaternary volcanic activity of Hudson and Lautaro volcanoes, Chilean Patagonia: New constraints from K-Ar ages. Rev. geol. Chile [online]. 2004, vol.31, n.2, pp. 207-224. ISSN 0716-0208. doi: 10.4067/S0716-02082004000200002.
Twenty-nine K-Ar ages for lavas and juvenile ejecta obtained from Hudson volcano in the southern end of the Southern Volcanic Zone and Lautaro volcano in the northern end of the Austral Volcanic Zone, which are separated by a 350 km-long volcanic gap near the Chile ridge subduction zone, were determined using unspiked method that has significant sensitivity for dating young rocks (<0.1 Ma). It is newly revealed that Hudson is a significantly long-lived volcano; its activity started at ca. 1.0 Ma and continues to the Recent. The Hudson volcano has a well-preserved summit caldera complex of approximately 10 km in diameter, previously thought to be formed by a single event during the Holocene, perhaps at 6700 years BP. Our results for the K-Ar dating, however, indicate that the northeastern and southeastern flanks of the volcano formed at different times; formation of NE flank preceded that of SE flank. Aero-photographic observations indicate the presence of two or even three caldera rims. These data suggest that the Hudson volcano had a complex evolution, superimposing or partially nesting calderas rather than a simple caldera. The activity of the Lautaro volcano, began at ca. 0.17 Ma and has continued to the Recent, as it is indicated by our K-Ar first results. Though Lautaro volcano is a relatively large stratovolcano for Chilean Patagonia, the chemical and radiometric results indicate a narrow range in its variability when compared with those of the Hudson volcano. These narrow compositional and geochronological ranges suggest that the Lautaro volcano developed from a homogeneous magma chamber produced by slab melting during the late Quaternary, assuming that the sampled part of this heavily ice-mantled volcano, spans its full lifetime
Palabras clave : Quaternary volcanic activity; K-Ar dating; Chilean Patagonia; Ridge subduction; Southern Volcanic Zone; Austral Volcanic Zone; Hudson volcano; Lautaro volcano; Caldera; Unspiked method.