Revista geológica de Chile
Print version ISSN 0716-0208
LAVENU, Alain and CEMBRANO, José. Estados de esfuerzo compresivo plioceno y compresivo- transpresivo pleistoceno, Andes del sur, Chile (38-42º30'S). Rev. geol. Chile [online]. 1999, vol.26, n.1, pp. 67-87. ISSN 0716-0208. doi: 10.4067/S0716-02081999000100004.
ABSTRACT Compressional Pilocene and compressional-transpressional Pliocene states of stress, southern Chilean Andes (38-42º30'S). Miocene-Pliocene and Quaternary intrusive rocks and sedimentary deposits from the Central Depression and the Main Cordillera, between 38 and 42º30'S, have been affected by local and regional brittle deformation. Microfault geometry and kinematic analysis along with calculation of deviatoric tensors allowed to determine regional-seale states of stress. Two tectonic events were identified. A Pliocene event, prior to the Quaternary, affects the entire zone of study, and is characterized by a maximum compressional stress s1 roughly oriented in an E-W direction. A Pleistocene event corresponds to an overall deformation partitioned into two coeval distinctive states of stress: a compressional stress s1 oriented in a N-S to NNE-SSW direction in the fore arc zone, and a dextral transpressional state of stress with s1 striking NE-SW, in the intra-arc zone.
Keywords : Neotectonics; Stress; Compression; Transpression; Fore-arc; Intra-arc; Pleistocene; Pliocene; Andes; Chile.