SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.83 número4Uso de catéter venoso central de inserción periférica en pediatríaEmbarazo y parto en madres inmigrantes en Santiago, Chile índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartir


Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

SCHONHAUT B, Luisa et al. Moderately and late preterm newborns, a risk group for low cognitive development in the first years of life. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.4, pp.359-365. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062012000400006.

Introduction: Recent studies show that moderately and late preterm infants (MLI) (Gestational age (GA) 32 to 366), are in high risk for delayed psychomotor development (PMD) and learning disabilities. Objective: To compare PMD between MLI and full term infants (FTI) and to analyze associated perinatal risk factors. Methodology: 131 MLI and 119 FTI were recruited between May 2008 and April 2011 in a private health center in Santiago, Chile. Both groups were compared according to age, gender and socio-economic level. At the ages of 8, 18 and 30 months the children were evaluated by means of the Bayley III Scale for Infantile Development 3rd edition (BAYLEY-III). PMD was compared in both groups and multiple lineal regression analysis was performed. Results: MLI showed a significantly lower development coefficient, but it matched the FTI when corrected by GA, (99 ± 10.4 versus 100.8 ± 9.9). Even with corrected GA, the cognitive performance was lower (98 ± 10.4 vs 103.1 ± 11.4 p < 0.05). Multiple lineal regressions showed that GA and gender were associated with lower cognitive development. Conclusion: Cognitive performance of MLI was below that of FTI. This increases the need to have especial standards of care and stimulation for these children.

Palabras clave : Moderately preterm; late preterm; psychomotor development; cognitive.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons