Revista chilena de pediatría
Print version ISSN 0370-4106
ALLIU M, Kim-Lan and BERTOGLIA A, María Paz. Usefulness of the American Academy of Pediatrics lipid screening. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.83, n.3, pp.231-238. ISSN 0370-4106. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062012000300004.
Objective: To determine if the screening adopted by the American Academy of Pediatrics to search for alterations in lipid profile is useful in the population of Centro Asistencial Norte of Antofagasta. Patients and Method: 61 patients 2 to 14 years of age were screened using the AAP lipid profile (family history of cardiovascular disease, hypercholesterolemia of parents, presence of overweight, arterial hypertension, tobacco addiction, consumption of fats) to evaluate its relationship to laboratory results (total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglycerides). Ain analytical study of cross section was used, utilizing /-test and the Fisher's Test were used with α = 0.05. Results: A difference in parent hypercholesterolemia (p = 0.013) with sensitivity of 31% and specificity of 63% was found, with a risk of 6 times higher for dyslipidemia in children with hypercholeste-rolemia in parents (RO with CI of 95% of 6.75 (1.18-68.51)). Conclusion: In this sample, utilizing the AAP screening, only the history of hypercholesterolemia in parents was valuable to determine if the patients had a higher risk of presenting dyslipidemia.
Keywords : Screening; dyslipidemia; overweight; hypertension; cholesterol.