Revista chilena de pediatría
versión ISSN 0370-4106
ESCOBAR H, Raúl et al. Psychometric, motor and functional description in children with cerebral palsy. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2011, vol.82, n.5, pp. 388-394. ISSN 0370-4106. doi: 10.4067/S0370-41062011000500003.
Introduction: Cerebral Palsy (CP), the most frequent cause of chronic motor disability among children, is often associated to other alterations of cerebral function, among them cognitive function. International publications show up to 70% of children with CP have normal intelligence (IQ). Objective: Determine IQ and motor function in a group of children with CP. Methodology: Prospective descriptive study of 34 children with CP, classified according to type. Psychometric and motor tests were applied. Results: Of these children, 44% presented tetraparetic CP, 21% diparetic, 35% hemiparetic. Among tetraparetic children, 33% showed normal IQ, 14% mild Mental Retardation (MR), 53% severe MR. Among diparetic children, normal IQ, mild MR, severe MR showed in a frequency of 57%, 14% y 29% respectively. Children with hemiparesis showed normal IQ in 92% and mild MR in 8%. Motor function was usually proportional to IQ. Conclusion: In the full population studied, 59% of children showed normal IQ. Children with hemiparetic CP present better IQ, those with tetraparetic CP showed worst cognitive levels. Children with better IQ presented better motor function.
Palabras clave : IQ; Disability; Motor Function; Cerebral Palsy; Neurorehabilitation; Psychometric Tests.