Revista chilena de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
FLORENZANO U, RAMÓN et al. The Perception of Parental Relationship: A Comparison of Adolescents Older and Younger Than 15 Years of Age. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2009, vol.80, n.6, pp. 520-527. ISSN 0370-4106. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062009000600004.
This study evaluates the difference in risk behavior and depressive symptomalogy in adolescents, as parenting styles change through developmental stages. A group of students older and younger than 15 years old, in Santiago's Metropolitan Region were screened for these behaviors and symptoms, focusing upon the relationship with parents. Barber's Cross National Adolescent Program test, adapted and validated in Chile, was given to a 1 447 students, randomly selected in 14 Middle Schools. Barber's model was used to compare upbringing styles. Results show that parental support correlates with children's social initiative, psychological control shows positive correlation with depressive symptomatology, and behavioral control shows a negative correlation with antisocial behavior. The only variable showing age bracket variability is antisocial adolescent behavior, when external and internal aggressive behavior are compared. The results suggest that Barber's model can be applied among Chilean adolescents 10 to 19 years of age. The implications of these findings, and possible preventive actions are presented.
Palabras clave : Adolescence; family; pharmacodependency.