Revista chilena de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
ORELLANA R, JORGE; ROJAS U, BASILIO; VILLARROEL C, FRANCISCO y ARANGUIZ Z, PATRICIO. Corneal autoimmune endotheliopathy as manifestation of intermediate uveitis in children. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2008, vol.79, n.5, pp. 502-508. ISSN 0370-4106. doi: 10.4067/S0370-41062008000500008.
Background: Intermediate Uveitis (IU) is an important cause of uveitis in children. It is considered a chronic intraocular inflammation that mainly affects the anterior vitreous and peripheral retina. Pars Planitis is a subtype of IU, consisting of a white opacity that covers the pars plana and ora serrata plus vitreous condensations in the eye. Corneal endothelium disease is a rare clinical finding associated with pars planitis. Objective: Describe the corneal manifestations in IU and its associated treatment between ophthalmology and pediatric rheumatology. Case-report: A 5 years-old boy with autoimmune endotheliopathy and unilateral pars planitis in the right eye. Initially, he was treated topically, but evolved with intraocular complications that required systemic medication. Long-term follow-up was performed, searching for associated systemic diseases, until one of these entities appeared. Conclusión: It is very important to search for inflammation in the anterior vitreous and pars plana in all children with corneal endotheliopathy, considering that an early and integral management of IU could diminish the risk of visual impairment as a complication.
Palabras clave : Intermediate uveitis; pars planitis; autoimmune endotheliopathy; children.